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(Ct. Towns & Lands. State Archives)

APRIL 27, 1639

John Haynes to John Winthrop

To the worshipfull his much honored friend John Winthrop Esqr. governor of the Mattachosett, these bee dd.

Worthy Sir,

In my journey towards quillipiacke, I met with this Panaquanike Indian, who being bounde for the Baye, repayringe to your selfe, requesting mee to signify to you what hee is & his erraund. The party is known to vs, & his busynesse in particular to trucke for certaine squaes that were taken when wee invaded ther coasts. I leave him & what hee hath to saye to your wisdom to consider of. Wee have lately hadd a great floode, that came upp to some of our howses, and carryed away a good parte of our fences in our lowe grounds, otherwise wee blesse the Lord, wee are generally in good health. I should gladly crave a word from you, if any newes by the fishinge shipps from England. In much hast, my service presented to your selfe, Mr. dudley, with the rest of our good friends, I take leave.

Your assured frind,

Jo: Haynes

Westhersfield, the 27th of the 1st month, 1639.

MAY 17, 1649


This Courte, taking into consideration the proposition of the Town of Fairefield, about a parcel of land bought by them of the Indians, that it mighte bee settled upon then for theire inlargement, doe desire and appointe Danyell Titterton and John Hurd of Stratford to survey and view the said parcell of land, snd consider therupon how convenient it is for them and inconvenient for this Comon wealth, to have the said premisses setled uppon the said Towne of fairefeild, and mame returne thereof to the next Session of this Generall Courte, that they may the better know what is to bee done therein.

MAY 21, 1650


This courte, considering the Returne of danyall titterton and John Hurd, about a parcell of land lying near the Towne of Fairefeild, according to their order from the Generall Courte of election, in May, 1649, doe grant unto the said Towne of Fairefeild the said parcell of land to Sagatuck river: provided the said Sagatuck doe not exceed two myles from the bounds of the said Fairefeild.

MARCH 20, 1656


Whereas there have been several Indians who have made claime to much of ye land yt ye Town of Fairefeild have & doe possess, ye Town of fairefield having taken ye matter into consideration, ordered & appointed Alexandre Knowles, Henry Jackson, francis Purdy, with several others, should treat with Poquanock IIndianndians concerning, & upon ye treaty with those Indians, whose names are underwritten in ye behalf of all ye Poquanuck Indians, they have agreed as followeth: First, they owne ye land yt ye Town is built upon, from ye Creeke yt ye tide-mill of Fairfield, South Westward is called Sasqua which they owne, have been purchased from ye Indians, & is now ye Englishe's Land: Secondly, ye sd. Indians have acknowledged consented to & granted yt all that tract of land which they call Unceway (which is from the above sd. Creek Eastward unto ye bounds between Fairfield & Stratford) from ye sea, to run into ye country seven or eight miles: for ye future it shall bee ye land and propriety of ye inhabitants of ye Town of Fairfield: Giving & granting to ye sd. Town of Fairfield all ye above sd. tract of land called Unceway with all ye Creekes, Rivers, Ponds, woods, & priviledges thereto belonging or appertaining to bee ye sd. Fairfield, ye Inhabitants thereod & to their heirs forever, quietly to enjoy & possess it: & they doe promise & engage yt neither they nor their heirs, nor any other Indians shall for ye future molest or trouble ye sd. English in ye quiet possession of ye sd. land: Only it is to be noted yt ye field which ye Indians now possess, calle d ye Indiand field, which isa small neck of land on ye other side of ye Creek, is excepted, ye Indians still keeping their propriety in that small neck or field: ye Indians are to have ye priviledges of killing deer within ye above sd. tract of land: Only they are not to set any traps within ye sd. tract of land: In witness of all which ye sd. Indians have hereunto set to their hands this 20th March, 1656.

Wheras ye above sd. Land is granted to ye town of Fairfield by ye said Indians, we also manifest our respects unto them, yt wee doe engage upon sufficient warning, to cart them their stuffe for them to erect & build a fort, and upon these consideration ye sd Indians have acknowledged ye above grant.

Umpeter Nosset,X his marke

Nimrod, or Pocunnoe,X his marke

Matamuck,X his marke

Authonyes, alias Lotashau,X his marke

Washau,X his marke

Signed & delivered in presence & witness of us,

Alexander Knowles,                                                       Nathan Gold

Thomas Pell                                                                                       George Hull

Henry Jackson

This is a true copy according to the original, compared by me & recorded this 25, February, 1685

Nathan Gold, Recorder

MARCH 7, 1658



Hartford, March 7, 1658. By the Court of Magistrates. This Court having taken into consideration the business respecting the Indians pertrayning to the plantations of Stratford and Fayrefeyld and finding in th last agreement made with the Indians while Mr. Willis and Mr. Allen were down there, that thises two plantations aforementioned are ingaged to asure and alow unto those prespective Indians pertayning to each town sufficient land to plant on for their subsistance and so to their heirs and sucessors.

It is therefore, ordered by this Court, and required that each plantation forementioned exercise due care that the agreement made by the magistrates be fully attended without the unnecessary delay, that so the Indians may have no just cause to complayne agaynst the English, but rather may be encourages to attend and observe the agreement on their parts, that peace may be continued on both sides; and fither it is desired that the Indians may be allowed to improve their ancient fishing place which they desire.

To the Constables of Stratford to be forthwith published and sent to Fayrfield to be published and recorded by the Register.

MARCH 10, 1658

this Court having considered the agreement with the Indians as also for other reasons as particularly that which the town of Fayrfeld pleaded why their bounds should be enlarged was because they might provide for their Indians which were many, do therefore order that the towne of Fayrfeyld shall forthwith attend the order as above sent from the magistrates and alow and lay out unto theire Indians that formerly did and now do belong unto that plantation, sufficient planting land for the present and future, that so there say be no disturbance twixt the Indians and the town of Stratford about any former imprprieties which we find are renounced for the future by the last agreement. And the court judges that the Indians that have for so many and several years been inhabitants of Fayrefeld bounds shall now and for future be accounted as those that do properly belong to that plantation.

Mr. Canfield and the deputies of Norwoke are appointed to see this effected by Fayrefield men or do it themselves.

Daniel Clarke, Secretary

MAY 14, 1660

A record of several letters presented to the ourt at artford whereby together woth other evidence the towne of Stratford proved, and the court granted a clear right to their land in reference to Pwquannock Indians with whom they had to do.

A testimony of Mr. Higgison, late Pastor of the Church at Guilford.

Being desired to expose what I remember concerning the transaction between the English of Coneckticott and the Indians along the Coast from Quilipicke to the Manhatoes about the land the substance of I can say is briefly this:

that in the beginning of the yeare 1638, the last weeke of March Mr. opkins and Mr. Goodwin, being employed to treat with Indians and to make sure of that whole tract of land in order to prevent the Dutch and to accomodate the English who might after come to inhabit there, I was sent with them as an interpreter (for want of a better) we having an Indian with us for a guide, aquainted the Indians as we passed with our purpose and went as far as about Norwalk before we stayed. Coming thither on the first day we gave notice to the Sachem and the Indians to meet there on the second day there was a full meeting (as themselves sayd) of all the sachems, old men and Captains from about our coming and had consulted with us and amongst themselves and that in as solemn a manner as Indians use to doe in such cases they did with an unanimous consent express there desire of the English friendship, their willingness the english should come to dwell amongst them and professed that they did give and surrender up all their land to the English sachems at Coneckticitt and here upon presented us with two parcells of wompem the lesser they would give us for our message the greater they would send us as a present to the sachems of Coneckticott it being not long after the English Conquest and the fear of the English being then upon them; it being moved amongst which of them would goe up with us to signifie this agreement and to present their wampem to the sachems at Coneckticott; at last Waunetan and wouwequock, Paranoket, offered themselves and were much applauded by the rest for it. Accoedingly those two Indians went up with is to Hartford. Not long after there was a comittee in Mr. Hooker's barn, the meeting house then not built, where they two did aooeare and oresented there wampem; (but could Mr. Pichin one of ye magistrates there then) taking him to be the interpreter, then I remember I went out and attended the business no further. So that what was further done or what writings there were about the business I cannot now say, but I supose if search be made something of the business may be found in the records of the court, and I supose if Mr. Goodwin be inquired of he can say the same for substance as I doe and William Cornish at Saybrooke who was there.

Guilfor, May 5th, 1659

John Higgison

Mr. Nicholas Knell testifies to ye same with Mr. Higgison as respecting ye Indians govong ye land to ye English and remembers ye payment of money to ye Indians as gratuity for ye gift; taken this 3d April, 1639

Nicholas Knell


I John Stickling of Huntington, on Long Island living formerly at Uncoway now called fayrefeyld do remember that I was deputed with some otheres to treat with Stratford men about the bounds of those two towns and accordingly we mett, we of Uncoway desired of some enlargement of our bounds towards Stratford because we were burdened with many Indians, and to my best rembrance it was by Stratford men granted and by us all conluded that we of Uncoway should keep our Indians upon our own bounds. I can safely depose if there be need.

John Stickling X his marke

April 23, 1659

And afterwards the same day this eas taken upon oath before me.

Thomas Benedict

A testimony of Thomas Stanton

Loving friends I received yours dated May the 4th 1659, By John Minor wherein I understand of the insolent and unreasonable behavior and demands of the natives in your partes as challenging all or the greatest part of your land so long since by you possessed. There challenge is that if the English can prove the land they posess were ever sould them or given them or conquered by them. I much wonder at these tymes; this lesson thars certainly. This lesson they have leayrned but of late years certainly. They well know the English did possess all these parts as Conquered lands for from New Haven to Sashquaket we did pursue the Pequots, killed divers at New Haven and at Cupheag, only one house or the Karkise of one we found at Milford without inhabitants. At the cutting (off) of the Pequots all there friends and confederates fled also being under the same conemnation with them. Tis true some at Paquannock did formerly stand out but the Pequots did kill severall (i.e. in previous wars) of them and Conquered so brought all the Indians at Long Island and the mayne (land) thier tributaries from Pequet to Accomket beyond Hudson's river. The English conquering the Pequots in time there prosperitie and fought against us, likewise some of their women are at . And in the Nay the most rational Pequots of this and them say that if the English do grant that those western Indians may sell their land, they (the Pequots) say they may do the like for they say their land (the Pequannocks) is conquered as well as ours. Severall of themselves do debate the point with them and prove it to the English before their faces. Also since the war I can testify that the Indians at Paquannock did intreat Mr. Haynes and Mr. Hopkins (then Magistrates) that some of the English would come and dwell by them that so thhey not be in fear of their enemies, the uplanders and that the English should have all their land only providing them some place for planting; which I think is but a reasonable request, and I hope you will attend the rules of mercie in that case; not that we shall be their owne carvers what they will and wherefore their exorbitant humour will carry them to disposes you of your houses. experience proves it: give an Indian an inch and he will take an ell. I will engadge my selfe to prove the land as before sayd conquered and if I mistake not very much the English by gift firstlie from themselves desiring as above sayd the English to come and sit fown upon it. I could widh this matter had been in question in Mr. Haynes days and Mr. Hopkins; but the commanders of the Bay soilders and commanders of Coneckticott, the antient Pwquots will prove it conquered land, and I never heard of other ground by which the English did possess it but by Conquest and gift which was looked at thereby. Not else at present to trouble you I comit you to God and rest yours, to love and serve God shall enable.

Thomas Stanton

Lieutenant Wheeler his testimony recorded

That in the time of his being an inhabitant of the towne of Fayrefield and having several times dicourse ocation to speake with some of the chiefs of that company which are now called Uncoway Indians at Matawmuck, Nimrod and Anthony the Dagamore's Brother concerning the land now in contraversie as foloweth: That they could lay no claime or chaleng to any of the land on the east side of this discourse partly came from this the Leitenant having a farm on the east side of this Hawkins Brooke and fearing least the Indians should lay claim to it as well as to the land on the west side of the aforesd named Brooke did inquire of the aforsd named Indians concerning it. This the Leiutenant will take his oath to, it being legally demanded. This Deponant further sayth: That Paquannock Sachem (or) the chief of the Paquanock Indians had his place f his residence on the west side of the river commonly called Unkcaway river ant that it was the proper right of there predecessors from generation to generation. This was affirmed to this deponent by Queriheag the chiefe sagamore of the Indians at the English first coming here. To this the deponent Lieutenant wheeler offers to take his oath legally caled there to.

Thomas Wheeler

MAY 19, 1659


This court having considered the business respecting the Indians at Paquanack, and the difference between the Indians of Pequanock and the inhabitants of Stratford, for the issuing of which it is agreed the Indians aforesayed acknowledging their former irregular carriage and misdemeanor and promising reformation in the particulars hereafter mentioned, it is then agreed that the aforesaid Indians shall have liberty to plant and improve the land between the fence that the Indians made and the vounds which the committee laid for the aforesaid Indians, "till they shall forfeit the same in the apprehension of the inhabitants of Stratford by breaking their engagement in the particulars following: The Indians do hereby ingage not to kill or anyway molest our cattle or swine. they engage to meddle with none of our corn or pease to steal from us. They do ingadge so to maynetayne their fence which joynes to the fence of the Inhabitants of Stratford that the corn may be secured, and if any damage come through any defect in their fence they are to make satisfaction. They are further, to keep up their fence winter and summer to prevent damaging either them or us. They do further engage to suffer none of the inhabitants of Fayrefeyld and those of the farmes to get in or drive any cattle through the aforesaid ground which the Indians improve, that is to say the whole bounds layed out by the committee upon and about Golden Hill. the Indians aforesaid are well satisfied with what the committee had done, every particular, and concerning the two highways likewise. These Indians have subscribed in the name of all the rest, this 24th, april 1660.


Nesuposu                           mark




MAY 2, 1660



Loving neighbirs of Stratford we whose names are underwritten have according to the order we had from the General Court without any respect to persons considered of the value that Fairfield men shall pay to stratford for the 80 ackres of land that the Indians do possess at Paquanock with a due consideration of the land and the place where it lies, wherein we are agreed and do appoint that the Fairfield men shall pay to the Stratford men for the 80 ackres of land that the Indians do possess at Pequanocke, twenty pound. This to be payd in beefe, porke, wheat and pease. Of beefe 2 barrels, (and) of porke, good and merchantable, which we value at twelve pound, and 8 pounds to be payed in wheat and pease: - wheat at 4 shillings 6 pence the bushell, pease 3 shillings 6 pence the bushell, good and merchantable, and this to be payd of Fairfield to stratford men betwixt this and the first day of March next ensuing this being our agreement we have set our hands.

Norwalk, May 2, 1660

Matthew Canfield

Thomas Fitch

Nathanial ely

Richard Olmstead

MARCH 20, 1660


Know all men by these presens, yt wee whose names are underwritten, have sold, & doe by these presents, sell, alienate & assigne over unto ye inhabitants of Fairefield, all that tract of land commoly called Sasqua, bounded on ye north-east with ye land called Uncaway, on ye south-west with ye land at Maximus, ye line on southwest runs close to ye English farmes at Maximus, & this tract of land is for run from ye sea strait up into the country six miles at ye least, taking in all ye land yt lye within that length southwest to sd bounds, between us & ye farmes, (or-if Sasqua land run on ye farme's mile, yt land also to be included,) and doe to close with ye land yt we purchased of Poquonock Indians, as by a writing made under their hand, Dated ye 20th March 1656: ye inhabitants of Fairfield, they and their heirs, are to possess & enjoy this land forever, in as free & full a manner as wee have done: we have sold all ye above sd tract of land, with all ye privilidges appurtenances, as rivers, trees, ponds or whatever priviledges thereunto pertaining to ye sd inhabitants, for a consideration yt. fully satisfies us: only we will have liberty of hunting in ye woods-only we are to set now traps with ye six mile: wee also acknowledge yt we are true proprietors of ye above sd land: We also acknowledge yt we are true proprietors of ye above sd land: We also acknowledge wee haven given in ye Indian field before this sale, eight acres of land to James Beers, in witness of all which we have hereunto set to ye hands this 20, March 1660

Witnessed: MusquotX his markPanuncamoX his mark

Nimrod�                                         X his markJames alias WotussawatumX his mark

Anthony                              X his markPoppoos

TospeeXhis mark             Cramheag's Squaw

Wittern                                                                Xhis markSolamorten's

These 4 names subscribed signed,Sister

ye witnesses witnessed, but they wereWissashoes

here not present with them,                                      WompeganX his marke

We whose names are underwritten, being under age when this sale was made fully consent to ye above sd sale, as Witness our hand this 16th October 1679.

Witness - William Hill, Recorder

Creconoes X mark

Robt. Bisburn

Chickins X his mark

John Basset

John Joneshis mark

JUNE 8, 1663


The testimony of John Minor taken upon oath.

Being desired to speake to what I remember in order to what was spoken and acted by the Indians or English about Captain Beebe's action commenced against the town of Stratford at Fairfiled about lands. The substance of what I can say is briefly thus without any correction or bias of affection contrary to truth and equity. Being desired by the court then at Fayrfeyld with James Beers to treat with the Indians of Pequannocke who in regard of the present contagion were not admited into the meeting house where the Court sate about the land then in debate. At our first coming to them the Indians then present did all agree in one that they have never given any land particularly to Captain Beebe but that they had gave it to Mr. Hopkins and Mr. Haynes and the other comtee of little remote from the Indians, the better to certifie each other how we understood them. Several words passed between us but at last I related to the aforesd Beers what I understood as abovesayd. James Beers contradicted me saying he understood it otherwyes, whereupon we went to the Indians a second time before we wentinto the Court and they confirmed the same and sayed Captain Beebe had no particular interest in any land from them but they gave it as above sayed. Several questions I propounded to the Indians at this time so that now James Beers called to him. Captain sayes he the land is gone, the Indians now uterly disown any perticular gifts to you. The gone it is saye he. We now both agreeing that we understood the Indians aright went into the Court house to return our answer to the Court. Whilst we were abrod before we went into Court Captayne Beebe went to the Indians and the Captynes Sonn. What they sayed to the Indians I know not but presently before we had deliverred to the Court what the Indians had sayd there was a calling out that the Indians had something more to say. Upon which the Court desired us to go forth agayne and be fuly resolved what their minds were. At which then coming to them we found them of another tern, as may apear by our testimony upon oath.

This shall legally if called thereto to take oath of 8th, 3d, 1663.

John Minor

This action was tried about Michelmas, Anno, 1662

Samuel Sherman

JANUARY 19, 1670


Know all men by these presents yt we whose names are written do acknowledge yt ye town of Fairfield hath formerly bought of ye true Indian proprietors several purchases as Compo Neck, Paquannock, Uncoway and Sasco, ye breadth of ye town of Seven miles Six miles from ye Sea unto ye Country, and whereas there remains several tracts of Lands within ye Lands of sd Town yet unpurchased, we do acknowledge yt er ye Subscribers herof have formerly sold and do by theses presents Sell, assign and set over from us, and from our heirs to ye sd Town of Fairfield forever, all ye lands meadows, rivers, ponds, with all ye appurtenances thereof, contained within ye bounds of sd Fairfield Town, which before this deed was not purchased to ye north end of ye bounds, which extends from ye sea at least twelve miles, as part of ye north bounds hath been already marked both by ye Indians, ye above sd land, and every part and parcell thereof, rivers, ponds, Contained in it with all ye priviledges and Appurtenances thereto belonging and appertaining, we have sold to ye town of Fairfield and ye sucessors to enjoy and possess it as your own free land for ever and we ye Subscribers do assure ye said town of Fairfield yt we are yt true proprietors of all above sf Lands yt we have now sold, and do free and Exonerate ye sd lands and every part yr of from any former sales, bargains, and Incumbrances wt ever either from us, and our... or any in our name. We do acknowledge yt we have full information yt ye breadth of ye Town bounds of Fairfield is seven miles, and ye length is twelve miles, and in breadth seven miles. It is also to be noted yt ye lands formerly granted to ye Indians for yr livelihood are not included in ye above sd acknowledgement and grant.

In witness wherof ye Indians have hereunto set their hands this 19th of January 1670.

Crecro & James do fully consent and agree to ye promises as their act.

With this caution yt they have given to Nathaniel Seeley a small tract of Land in Aspetuck Neck which for ye parts ye do not include in ye above sd deed.

Signed and delivered in ye presence and witness of us.

George Squire

JUNE 8 1680



To all People to whom these presents shall come, These: Whereas we, the subscribers to this instrument of discharge, being properly the inhabitants of the plantation of Indians called Sascoe, and formerly were proprietors of the lands pertaining to Sascoe which lands we have formerly sold to the town of Fairfield, and have according to agreement received satisfaction for it to our content; reserving only that the said town should provide us some lands for our substitance in some such convenient place as the said town should think meet; whereas the said town of Fairfield hath by their Committee presented several parcels of land to answer the said town's engagement to us for our maintenance as a tract of land called the rocky Neck, lying in Sascoe Field, on the left hand of the path as you fo to the Farms; also a hill of land lying on the west of Maxemus Farms, as it is already bounded out, and hath made it over to us and our sucessors by a legal deed, with the addition of five acres elsewhere. Now know ye that we, the subscribers to this instrument, that we have received from the town of Fairfield the abovesaid lands in full satisfaction to us; that they are engaged to us in our bill of sale of Sascoe lands in an instrument bearing date the 21 March, 1660, in all which parcels of land we are well contencted and satisfied; and therefore do for ourselves, heirs, and sucessors forever aquit, exonerate, and discharge the said town of Fairfield and their successors from any demands whatever of land within the vounds of Fairfield as due to us upon any account; acknowledging that what lands they possess that sometines was ours and our predecessors they have lawfully bought and paid for it; and what lands they were engaged to provide for us they have already done it. We also engage these several parcels of land we have received from them for our improvement and propriety; we do engage ourselves and our sucessors that we will not sell it or any part of it from us nor from our sucessors that we will not sell it or any part of it from us nor from our sucessors to any person whatever with out the leave of the town of Fairfield. In witness whereof we have hereunto set to our hands, this 14 day of June, 1680.

It is to be noted that, when the above-said Indians shall inprove the hill of the land by Maxemus Farmes, we will make and maintain a sufficient fence about our field to preserve our corn from damage.

NaueassecumbX his mark

Sasco James                       X his mark

Yeereenso                          X her mark

CokecroX his mark

NanaskecoX his mark

YeedowcoX his mark

WayreenooteX his mark


Chichinns                            X his mark

Capt. WeetetereeX his mark

WunneesesideX her mark



Know all ye men by ye presents, yt whereas ye town of Fairfield hath formerly bought ye true Indian proprietors all ye lands contained within their township bounds, which is seven miles broad upon ye sea coast, & from ye sea at least twelve miles into ye country to ye northward of their bounds, bounds on ye East with ye sd town bounds as ye Court hath settled, on ye west with town bounds of Norwalke, also Compaw-neck from y from ye old road to Norwalke to Sagatuck river on ye west, to ye sea on ye soutn, for which lands ye Indian proprietors have given ye sd town severall bills of sale, viz: one bill bearing date ye 20th March 1656; and bill dated 21st March 1660; ye 3d bill bearing date ye 19 Jan. 1670, by all which bills for sale ye above sd. lands are made over to ye sd. Towne: yet for ye maintenance of Love & peace between ye sd town & ye sd Indians yt wee may prevent trouble, yet neither we nor our heirs nor successors shall make any further claims to any lands with ye sd bounds, but only what is sequestered for us: We ye surviving Indian inhabitants of Poquonuck, Unceway, sasqua & Aspetuck doe covenant & agree as followeth: Imprimis, we doe owne & acknowledge all these bills of sale, Dated above, sd to be just & good, & ye lands contained therein to bee truely bought by ye sd towne of ye lawful proprietors; & therefore doe for ourselves, our heirs & sucessors, confirm all ye sd lands within ye sd bounds,unto ye sd towne of Fairfield & their heirs, sucessors, assigns (& whatsoever of Aspatuck lands is within ye sd boundaryes was sold in yr sd Bills of sale), both meadows, uplands, Creekes, Coves, harbours, rivers, ponds, with all ye priviledges & appurtenances therunto, belonging or in any wayes appertaining: also whereas there is some of ye Poquanocke lands yt falls within ye sd Fairfield's bounds as above sd: now kow ye, yt wee ye sd Indians, & for a valuable consideration to us already paid, doe alienate, assign & set over from us & from our heires for-ever all of interest, right and propriety in ye sd lands & in every part and parcel thereof, with all ye yt we haprivileges & appurtances thereunto belonging to ye sd town, their heries, successors & asigns for-ever to enjoy & possess it as their own free lands, without any let or molestation from us, our heirs & sucessors: We also affirm yt wee have full knowledge how ye bounds between sd Fairfield & Stratford runs, as by Committee of ye sd towne, they have fully showed us, and we have marked it hointly with them, as also ye northwest bounds: Only it is to be noted yt ye lands yt are provided for Sasquau Indians, & ye lands at ye Wolfpit-plaine, yt ye courts granted us, & at ye old field provided for us, Poquanock, Vunkewa & Aspetuck Indians, for our own use to plant on, shall remain for ever for ye sd respective Indians to plant on both for themselves, their heires & sucessors forever: It is also to be noted yt ye old Indian field partaining to ye Indians, as above sd, included noe Medow nor English allotments, but only ye planting land that they have long possessed, & by a committee of us, ye Indians and ye sd English, is now run settled & staked downe: also wee, ye subscribers hereunto, doe owne & acknowledge yt ye sd town of Fairfield, hath already paid to us & to ye Indians they formerly bought land off, as above sd, what they were engaged to pay, & therefore doe for ourselves our heirs & sucessors forever, aquitt exonerate & discharged ye sd towne of Fairfield & their sucessors from ant further demands to anything due, upon consideration of y made by ye sd sales above sd, Due payment having been already made by sd towne of Fairfield: Also whereas there is land at ye Wolfepit-plaine, & at Sasqua, & ye above sd land at ye old field, sequestered for ye use of us, our heirs & sucessors only to plant on,wee doe by these presents for ourselves, our heirs, & sucessors, acquitt, exhonerate & discharge ye sd towne of Fairfield, their heirs & sucessors from any further demands to any lands with their above sd bounds, but ye use of yt wch as above, is sequestered for us: Also wee acknowledge yt wee are to allow a sufficient highway for carting out of ye above sd lands of ye old field, for free wgresse & regresse for ye inhabitants of Fairfield, to make use of to come at their medows, as by a Committee appointed by ye English is already staked & bounded out, and wee doe hereby bind ourselves out heirs & sucessors to free & exhonerate ye sd parcell of Lands, comprehended within ye bounds above expressed, bought by ye sd towne of Fairfield of us, afore sd Indians, from all former sales, bargains, claims, mortgages or incumbrances whatsoever yt habe been since ye beginning of ye world till this day: reserving to ourselves liberty of hunting & getting firewood in any part of ye sd towne bounds being unfenced: & ye liberty of fishing & fowling in any rivers or streames within ye sd towne bounds: and we also grant ye inhabitants of Fairfield liberty to pasture upon our lands, sequestered as above sd for our use, so soone as our crop is off, & this to continue forever; as witnesses our hand this 6th day of October 1680.

Old AnthonyYeernaqua

Sasapequna                                       � Capt. Wittere

Aquonke                                                             Hetorow

Panumscutt                                        Nascroe

Pupurah                                                               Quatiant

Mamarushocke                                Saicus

MAY 18, 1681



To all people to whom these presents shall come greeting: Whereas there have been several bills of sale by ye Indian proprietors unto ye of October ar lands hereafter mentioned sequestered for or use, & by Genrll bill of sale, bearing date ye 6th day last past may more fully appeare: And whereas there is in ye sd genll bill of sale an acknowledgement of ye old Indian field, in ye east side of Unceway river is under sequestration or kept for us to plant, which accordingly they hitherto have done, wee ye proprietors of ye sd old field, upon good reasons, best known to ourselves, are resolved to sell ye sd field, & therefore wee made proffer of ye sale therof to ye towne of Fairfield. Whereupon ye sd town appointing a committee to treate with us, manifested their desire yt wee ye Indians should keep it for our use to plant on according as was formerly concluded, but nothstanding wee inportuned their bying of it from such reasons as are with us: And after severall with ye sd Fairfield committe endevouring to accomplish a slae therof, at length we came to an agreement about it, & have sold. Nowknow yt wee true proprietors of ye sd Indian old field, above mentioned lying within ye common line of their genrll field fence in ye east side of Unceway river which is surrounded on all sides woth ye proprieties of severall of ye sd towns inhabitants & ye propriety of ye town their lands next adjoining thereto: wee say we have sold, alienated, assigned & set over & do by these presents sell, alienate and set over from us, our heirs, successours & assigns all ye sd tract or neck of land, called our old field afore mentioned, & every part and parcell therof yt doth lye to us in ye neck, with all ye priviledges & appurtenances thereto belonging, or in anyways appertaining unto ye sd towne of Fairfield, their heirs, successours & assigns, to enjoy & possess it as their own free lands, from ye day of ye date hereof forever. This sale we have made of ye premises for a valuable consideration yt ye sd towne hath secured to us, & wee doe affirm yt we ye subscribers hereto are ye true proprietors, and have lawful right to sell ye premises; & wee doe free & exhonerate ye sd parcell of land, & every part & parcel thereof from from all former sales, bargains & encumbrances whatever, & now they may record it to their use & propriety. In witness whereof we, ye sd Indian proprietors, have hereunto set to our hands this 18, May 1681. Also ye sd Indian proprietors hereunto subscribing, doe reserve liberty of a convenient footpath yt ye English shall settle, for free egress and regress to come at their fishing in any of ye creeks, both for themselves and successors.

Mamerushee, Umperenosset's son


Old Anthonye










Signed & delivered on presence withnesses of us,

John Mansfield

Thomas T W Williams

Indian Witnesses

Sasqua James





These Indians witnesses hath signed as witnesses, & consent ye sale of ye premises.

Trustee, an Indian which speaks very good English, was improved an interpreter between ye above said towne & ye Indians by both partyes consent, in ye presence of these English witnesses, ye Indians signing of ye above instrument in his presence, as their act, as witness his hand

Trustee, his marke

FEBRUARY 11, 1685



Know all ye men by these presents that wee whose names are hereunto written, being true proprietors of a neck of land, commonly called Wolfs pit within ye bounds of Fairfield towne, & being resolved to make sale of ye same, wee therefore ye subscribers here unto have sold, & doe by these presents sell, alienate & set over from us, & from our heirs, executors & administrators forever to Major Nathan Gold, Mr Jehue Bur, & Mr. John Wheeler, in ye behalf of ye rest of ye allowed inhabitant of ye town of Fairfield, such as were allowed deuiders of lands & their heirs forever, for a valuabell consideration to us secured to be payed, a parcell of land, being a neck within ye township of Fairfield as above mentioned called a wolf's pit neck, bounded on Stratford dividing-line on ye north-east, sd subscribers have sold to ye other side with ye land of ye inhabitants of ye aforesaid Fairfield; wee ye sd subscribers have sold to ye said Major Nathan Gold, Mr. Jehue Bur, & Mr. John Wheeler for yr ves of ye towne aforesaid, the aforesaid mentioned neck of land, all our interest & propriety of land there forever, to enjoy as their owner propor land, without let or molestation from us or from ours, & do affirm ourselves, to have good right to sell the same, it being a parcell of land sequestered by Court for our ves & improvement, & doe fully acquit ye town of Fairfield forever not to challanf or lay claim to ye aforesaid, as witness our hands February the eleventh 1685; we ye above sayd subscribers doe by these presents fully acquit & discharged ye aforesaid town of Fairfield from all manner of claims, demands & rights of land within ye town of Fairfield, or ves any land of them to plant or any other ves, either from us or from our heirs forever, witness our hands ye day above.



Machoka, Atunk's daughter




Old Anthony




JUNE 8, 1686



WHEREAS, it is complained yt there is no allowed highway for passing & repassing of English not Indians, from ye highway between Fairfield & Stratford into ye Indiand field called Golden Hill, it being as informed partaining to both John Beardsley, yt land where it is thought meet & convenient sd highway shall be, ye Indians of Golden Hill earnestly desiring a highway be layed out there or near there, where ye path lyeth from Samuel Gregorie's across ye Indian Field yt goeth towards Stratford, & being very convenient also for ye English for egress & regress thare, as occasion may bee, upon which consideration it is agreed firmly by these presents, by & between both John Beardsley of Stratford & ye Indians belonging or pertaining to Golden Hill aforesayed, in bounds of Stratford:

That a highway fence shall be staked out two rods broad at ye fence, whare the path goeth into sd Beardlie's ground, leading to ye Indian Field or land tharr, & to hold ye same bredth till it come to ye Indian land, & this being so laid out thare as ye path now goeth so to remain highway foever, for free passage Inglish & Indians, for whose carts & foot as occasion may be, ye highway hath its entrance into ye sd Beardsly's land, leading to sd Indian Field a little east of Samuel Gegrorie's house, where he now lives where ye path abovesaid is, & sd highway is obunded southeast with ye land of Henry Summars, which highway is to remain for yt ves, as above forever, without any let or claim or molestation from ye sd John or any by or under him; & in consideration of ye above grant of sd highway by sd John, his heirs executors & administrators & assigns, we ye Indians foresaid partaining to said Golden Hill do give and grant alienate, asigne, & set over from us our heirs executors & administrators & assigns, unto ye above John Beardsley & his heirs forever, peacably to have & hold without any let, claim, or molestation from us, our heirs or any of us, or any by, from, or under us, at any time hear after, but quietly to possess & enjoy ye same & every part of ye under written land, being a parcel or bouge of low-land or rockey medow, with sum parts of hard land, to ye quantity of about two acres more or less; sd land is bounded on ye south with ye fence parting ye English & ye Indian land there & northerly, bounded on ye path going through ye field, on all other sides with ye Indian land; & for confirmation of this as there unto, all agreement ye parties, above mentioned, have set to thar hands, with promises yt sd John be not so molested as to habe ye land taken away from him or his, if sout be, thenthis to be void & none effect, witness our hands this 8, of June 1686, signed and delivered in presence of us witnesses.